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The Montgomery Bus Boycott was a civil rights protest during which African Americans refused to ride city buses in Montgomery, Alabama, to protest segregated seating. The boycott took place from December 5,to December 20,and is regarded as the first large-scale U.


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On a cold December evening inRosa Parks quietly incited a revolution — by just sitting down. She was tired after spending the day at work as a department store seamstress. She stepped onto the bus for the ride home and sat in the fifth row — the first row of the " Colored Section. In Montgomery, Alabama, when a bus became full, the seats nearer the front were given to white passengers. Montgomery bus driver James Blake ordered Parks and three other African Americans seated nearby to move "Move y'all, I want those two seats," to the back of the bus. The following excerpt of what happened next is from Douglas Brinkley's Rosa Park's biography.

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The MIA initially asked for first-come, first-served seating, with African Americans starting in the rear and white passengers beginning in the front of the bus. Date: December 5, - December 20, Rosa Parks Show more. A powerful orator, he was new to the area and had few enemies, and, thus, local leaders believed he could rally the various factions of the African American community to the cause. A group of local ministers formed the Montgomery Improvement Association MIA to support and sustain the boycott and the legal challenge to the segregation laws.

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They also asked that African American bus drivers be hired for routes primarily made up of African American riders. Montgomery bus boycott. The bus companies and Montgomery officials refused to meet those demands. The federal decision went into effect on December 20, The boycott garnered a great deal of publicity in the national press, and King became well known throughout the country. While every effort has been made to follow citation style rules, there may be some discrepancies. on This Topic. Despite such intimidation, the boycott continued for more than a year.

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Please refer to the appropriate style manual or other sources if you have any questions. Be on the lookout for your Britannica newsletter to get trusted stories delivered right to your inbox. Facebook Twitter. American civil rights movement: Montgomery bus boycott to the Voting Rights Act. This protest was prompted by the quiet but defiant act of an African American woman, Rosa Parks, who refused to give up her seat on a segregated bus to a white….

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The success in Montgomery inspired other African American communities in the South to protest racial discrimination and galvanized the direct nonviolent resistance phase of the civil rights movement. Let us know if you have suggestions to improve this article requires .

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Full Article. up here to see what happened On This Dayevery day in your inbox! Although Parks was not the first resident of Montgomery to refuse to give up her seat to a white passenger, local civil rights leaders decided to capitalize on her arrest as a chance to challenge local segregation laws.

The boycott was so successful that local civil rights leaders decided to extend it indefinitely. address.

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Several times the police arrested protesters and took them to jail, once charging 80 leaders of the boycott with violating a law that barred conspiracies to interfere with lawful business without just cause. External Websites.

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Get a Britannica Premium subscription and gain access to exclusive content. If the white section became full, African Americans had to give up their seats in the back. When Parks refused to move to give her seat to a white rider, she was taken to jail; she was later bailed out by a local civil rights leader.

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Some 90 percent of the African American residents stayed off the buses that day. They believed that the boycott could be effective because the Montgomery bus system was heavily dependent on African American riders, who made up about 75 percent of the ridership.

Montgomery bus boycott

Give Feedback External Websites. Print Cite verified Cite. Local laws dictated that African American passengers sat at the back of the bus while whites sat in front. Articles from Britannica Encyclopedias for elementary and high school students. Montgomery bus boycottmass protest against the bus system of MontgomeryAlabamaby civil rights activists and their supporters that led to a U.

The day bus boycott also brought the Rev. Martin Luther King, Jr. The event that triggered the boycott took place in Montgomery on December 1,after seamstress Rosa Parks refused to give her seat to a white passenger on a city bus.

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The Supreme Court upheld that ruling in mid-November. They were married in and had four children. Subscribe Now. Learn More in these related Britannica articles:.

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The MIA filed a federal suit against bus segregation, and on June 5,a federal district court declared segregated seating on buses to be unconstitutional. See all media. King had been pastor of the Dexter Avenue Baptist….